Coconut is a very important agricultural commodity. Coconut and its by-products are cash crops that are major export earners for many agricultural and industrializing countries.
In the world, Asia accounts for much of the world’s coconut production. India currently ranks third in the world for coconut production – next to the Philippines and Indonesia, which rank first and second, respectively. Much of the world’s coconut plantations thrive in tropical conditions in archipelagic Southeast Asia. Still, India remains as the largest coconut producer outside Southeast Asia.
This list will tell you the top coconut producing states in India. Read on and find out if your state ranks highly.
10.Assam – 136.61 million coconuts
Around 20,000 hectares in Assam are devoted solely for coconut production. Coconut plantations in Assam populate more than 25 of its districts, with the district of Barpeta leading the way with 24 million coconuts yielded annually.
9.Bihar – 141.42 million coconuts
Bihar historically is not a coconut-producing area. However, in the advent of modern technology and advanced agricultural know-how, the state currently ranks ninth in terms of coconut production. Over the years, Bihar has gradually grown into an important state when it comes to coconut production.
8.Maharashtra – 187.47 million coconuts
More than 28,000 hectares of land are devoted mainly for coconut plantations in this state. Over the years, coconut production in Maharashtra has grown 15% year-on-year. The annual yield is really looking up. Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri, and Raigad are some of the districts in the state with very buoyant coconut industries.
7.Gujarat – 295.03 million coconuts
The state of Gujarat proudly sits at 7th place, with an annual yield of close to 300 million coconuts. Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Valsad, and Kutch are some of the coconut-producing districts. 31,000 hectares are devoted solely for coconut production in this state – which is also called The Jewel of Western India.
6.Odisha – 324.93 million coconuts
Odisha’s fertile soil makes it an ideal vicinity for agriculture. About 60% of Odisha’s inhabitants are engaged primarily in agriculture – with coconut as a very important agricultural commodity. Planted in more than 50,000 hectares of land, Odisha’s principal coconut plantations are situated mainly in the districts of Puri, Cuttack, Ganjam, Khurda, and Jaipur.
5.West Bengal – 371 million coconuts
The districts of Murshidabad, Howrah, Burdwan, and Midnapore are the state’s coconut producing districts. A state with over 90 million inhabitants, West Bengal’s coconut industry remains as an important contributor to the state economy. The state’s tropical savanna climate enables coconut production to continually thrive in the last few decades and even in the years to come.
4.Andhra Pradesh – 1.8 billion coconuts
The state ranks coconut as one of its most important agricultural commodities and Andhra Pradesh produces a very large yield of coconuts yearly. A large percentage of the state’s population directly depend on coconut for employment. The district of East Godavari is the nucleus of coconut production in this state – together with a recently invigorated coconut by-product – coir pith. Coir pith is used as a material in the storage of water, very important in India’s horticulture industry.
3.Karnataka – 5 billion coconuts
One fourth of India’s coconut produce come from the state of Karnataka. A large portion of the land are coconut plantations and the state accounts for much of India’s coconut exports. Karnataka also exports coconuts to other states in India.
2.Kerala – 6 billion coconuts
The coconut industry is a big thing in the Indian state of Kerala. More than their annual yield of 6 billion coconuts, the coconut is also used to make other products in Kerala such as baskets, doormats, and the production of virgin coconut oil. As a matter of fact, 30% of India’s coconut exports come from Kerala.
1.Tamil Nadu – 7 billion coconuts
More than 30% of India’s coconut exports come from the state of Tamil Nadu. Its fertile soil harvests around 14,000 coconuts per hectare. The district of Krishnagiri sits atop all districts in India as the largest producer of coconut in the entire South Asia.