India has some of the densest forests which become the best habitat for all kinds of reptiles including snakes. There are over 270 species of snakes in India out of which over 60 of them are considered to be venomous. While some of them are not as lethal as the others, there are a few that can kill you with one bite. If you’re wondering which snakes are the most poisonous in India, here’s a list of The 6 Most Venomous Snakes in India.
6. Indian Pit Vipers
The Indian Pit Vipers or pit adders are from a family of poisonous vipers that are usually found in America and Eurasia. The Indian Pit Vipers has a heat sensing pit organ that is located between the eye and the nostril on each side of the heard. Most of the Indian Pit Vipers are small with thing bodies and prehensile tails. However there are some that are known to reach a length of almost 7 feet 9 inches. It is usually called a bamboo viper and lives in bushes, bamboos or vines. Indian Pit Vipers feed mostly on lizards, frogs and insects. However they are highly venomous and not to be messed with.
5. The King Cobra
The King Cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world. This snake can measure up to 18.8 ft in length. Although this snake is called The King Cobra, it is not related to the cobra family. There is no other snake like it and it is not related to any other snake family either. While the snake only feeds on smaller vertebrates, it is one of the most dangerous snakes that you can face. It usually avoids human confrontation, but when it does these snakes are known to bite. The death rate at the bite of a King Cobra is 28% which is higher in comparison to any other cobra.
4. Saw-Scaled Viper
The Saw-Scaled Viper is one of the most venomous vipers and is usually found in very dry areas. It has a rough surface and has large eyes and has a wider head than the neck. It is found in scrub lands and soft soil. It mostly feeds on frogs and lizards and arthropods such as centipedes, scorpions and other large insects. The Saw-Scaled Viper is known as one of the primary reasons of snake bite deaths in the world. Although they are smaller in size, they form a C shaped coil when threatened. It then rubs its skin together to create a sizzling sound. As their anger increases, this sizzling sound increases.
3. Russell’s Viper, Daboia
The Russell’s Viper is found in India, China and Pakistan. This snake is responsible for maximum snake bites in India and also results in a large number of deaths. The Russell’s Viper is more active during a cool day and this is when they might get aggressive. Although they avoid human contact, since the coil up it is often tough to notice them and stamping them results in an instant bite. While they are usually known to snap, they often hold on to the victim for a while and this can prove to be more fatal.
2. Indian Krait, Common Krait
The Indian Krait or the Bungarus or the Common Krait is one of the most venomous snakes in India and the world. The extent of the venom can be judged by a single line – one bite by the Indian Krait can kill 60 people. The Indian Krait is usually found in the dense forests. The venom of the Indian Krait is said to have a neurotoxin and a paralytic effect on human muscles. More than 99% of the time, the bite is known to be lethal. The Indian Krait is one of the most common and lethal snakes among the Krait snakes found in India.
1. Indian Cobra, Spectacled Cobra
The Indian Cobra is one of the most popular snakes in India that is often seen with a number of snake charmers too. This snake is protected under the Indian Wildlife protection act since they are in danger. The snake is associated with a number of Myths and cultures which is why Indians are very intrigued by the snake. They are highly venomous snakes that prefer to stay away from human contact, however when they feel threatened they do not refrain from biting. A bite from a cobra can lead to paralyzing muscles, respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.